Marianna Martines – also Marianna von Martinez, Marianne Martinez and variations – (1744-1812), Austrian superstar from the classical era. I’m seriously questioning why I haven’t heard about her before – many books have been written about her, already e.g. by Louise Farrenc in the 19th century, her letters and diaries are published etc.
Born, raised and educated in Vienna and rubbed shoulders with the musical elite of her days: played four hand piano with Mozart, studied composition for (sources vary here) Haydn, Hasse and others.
Beside her composing, she was also a singer and pianist of note and was compared to the star C Ph E Bach, maybe it was she that premièred Mozart’s piano concert no 5, she regularly performed in the Austria-Hungarian court etc. Elected member of Bologna’s philharmonic academy at age 30, as the first woman ever.
Most women composers from this time I have written about so far focused on chamber music, but Martines has an extensive production for larger occasions: a symphony, one concerto with orchestra accompaniment, four masses, two oratorios, several secular and spiritual cantatas and three keyboard sonatas. Many of her works were published already during her life time and thanks to her membership in Bologna their library has kept a lot of her works in their archives, even though a lot is missing still.
Concert ouverture in C major (also referred to as the Symphony in C major)
Harpsicord concerto in E major
The cantatas e.g. La tempesta
Piano sonata in E major